Peat moss, fern root and snake wood
Peat moss, sphagnum also called buried it, light texture, breathable and excellent water retention properties. It is usually soaked in water before use. But it is easy to decay, short service life, the general 1-2 years that need to replace the fresh substrate.
Fern root is brown. It is not easy to decay, can be used continuously for 3-4 years without having to change the basin. Before using it have to cut into 2-3 cm long. Well remove dirt. Can be used alone, also can be mixed with peat burial.
The stem and root of Alsophila is often called snake wood, light quality, processed into a column shape or the board, as the Rambler or aerial roots (such as orchid) peat moss, fern root and snake wood as substrate, is breathable, drainage and moisture, but less nutrient must pay attention to add, in order to ensure the normal growth of plants.
Bark piece can replace peat, peat soil, root fresh as plants (such as orchids) substrate. When in use, the broken into granular, according to different diameter sieved into different sizes, small particles can be and peat soil mixture, for general potted planting; specifications for planting plants. They need to use the water before the use of 2 ~ 3 days. It is sustainable use of 3-4 years without replacement, very suitable for the growth.
Coconut husk, sawdust, rice such matrix light texture, permeability, good drainage properties. With peat soil, garden soil mixture as potted matrix. But for some plants are using this kind of matrix to the appropriate maturity.
Orchid cultivation matrix of broken bricks is a kind of low cost, has strong water retention and drainage performance, does not contain any time, used to improve soil physical properties.
Charcoal was broken bricks, ceramic, volcanic stone charcoal is a good medium for orchid cultivation. It has good air permeability, water permeability and moisture, but also has the ability of certain fertility and adsorption of bacteria. In the cultivation process often with broken bricks, bark and other mixed use.
Orchid cultivation matrix of broken bricks is a kind of low cost, by breaking into abandoned brick. It has the advantages of durable, waterproof and breathable, but the water and fertility is poor, need to be mixed with charcoal, wood, bark, etc.. The new bricks need to be soaked in water before use, in order to prevent burning root.
Ceramic and volcanic rocks are porous matrix, a permeable, breathable, water conservation and other advantages, but Hong focus on poor, easy to be washed away by the water, often with fern root, bark, peat moss and other mixed use.
Cinder is ventilating drainage ability, no residual disease in Shaoguan. As a knock when, after chewing winnow cricket crushing and screening, and other training Yi mixed use.
Sponge, plastic and foam sponge has good water retention and air permeability, and plastic foam porosity, permeability, light quality, the common defect is water, fertility, is not easy to read. They are suitable for orchid growth, but as a result of which does not contain any nutrient, regularly spraying fertilizer, or with fern root, bark and other mixed use.