Monthly Archives: December 2015

Flowers and trees during the growing season grafting

Flowers and trees during the growing season grafting
Daily activities often meet some new construction, renovation or expansion neighborhoods, attractions, water conservancy facilities, roads, mining, real estate and other, urgent need for removal of the growing season or transplanting larger plants. Growing season grafting plants how to obtain satisfactory results?
Balancing potential strains the normal growth of plants by the roots to absorb water and minerals, root size and canopy size are mutually interdependent. Larger individual flowers from a into b, digging roots generally only when 10%~40% is preserved in much of the rest is cut off the injury, planting new roots formed after a long process, temporarily interrupted or reduced ability of water and fertilizer. If the upper retains the original Crown of water and minerals necessary
Requirements, must have a serious imbalance between supply and demand and to transplant the flowers and trees wilting or dead. Cut branches and leaves on the ground, plant root called to maintain the necessary balance.
Tillering ability of strength trim plants before transplantation can take all the Crown, leaving only the trunk. Weak sprouts can remove the Crown of 2/3. Even if it is difficult to build new Terminal buds of flowers and trees, while retaining main branch, to cut off most of the branches or remove most of the blade. So that the plant can withstand levels of metabolism down to, maintaining its vitality from the impact damage. In order to avoid the trunk the wounds caused by pruning too much and is too large, remove large piles of branches can be left on the trunk, highly flexible branches depending on weight-bearing parts. Crude-bearing zone, high thin position less poor. Pruning wound surface with paint, wax seals, or with a plastic membrane. Bloom, flower and fruit of plants transplanted to most or all removed, will help improve survival rates.
Ball can protect the roots with soil less damage; the second is to avoid water loss of roots exposed three has formed around the roots of mycorrhizal can be migrated along with the plants. Mother soil ball size depending on the size and needs of the plant.
Transplantation transplantation before and after selection in continuous cloudy or rain. Sunny early in the morning or the afternoon, avoid the Sun at noon as the Sun. Transplant, dig planting. Long-distance migration, flowers after they dug out immediately with adsorbed water grass
According to the Sun. Transplant, dig planting. Long-distance migration, flowers after they dug out immediately with straw for moisture adsorption, fabric covered, water moisture at any time.
High water and shade growing season temperature, evaporation and transpiration, and apart from the colonization of filling the foot when saturated, and also often for tree roots of water and irrigation. Early transplant, less roots absorb the water down, keep the transplanted soil moist. Drought and water shortage, when colonization can be added to soil water retaining agent or soil improvers, and helps to save water and improve the survival rate. Put yin in transplanting plants above the tent, or vaginal barrier established in the light side, form a cool, moist environment, avoiding Sun, also available in plastic bags on the plant recovery period, reducing transpiration. Sprout long after removing the bag.

Zonal distribution of plants

Zonal distribution of plants
The survival of plants must depend on the environment, and the most important factor is the climatic conditions. As we all know, the climate on the earth is in a zonal distribution, and the plant is also in a zonal distribution, from the equator to the poles.
As we all know, the earth has five zones, namely tropical, temperate and boreal north and south. If subdivided, can also be divided into the equatorial belt, tropical and subtropical and warm temperate, temperate and cold temperate, subarctic and boreal etc.. The division of these zones is mainly based on the distribution of the heat of the sun on the earth. These different zones are generally
The main basis is the distribution of the heat of the sun on the earth. These different regions roughly transverse bands along the latitudinal direction (direction) stretching. From the equator to the poles, a zone into another area, along the longitude direction (north-south direction) are arranged alternately. This distribution is known as the zonal distribution or the latitude zone. Therefore, in the distribution of the problem, people regard the latitude as the regional factor. It can be summarized as follows: the distribution of the heat in the earth is the zonal distribution, the main factor that affects the heat distribution is the latitude. In addition to the distribution, we are collectively referred to as non zonal distribution. For example, the amount of precipitation in China is more than that of the southeast, and the precipitation is less. From the southeast to the Northwest can be divided into several zones according to the dry and dry conditions, that is, humid regions, semi humid regions, semi-arid regions and arid regions. China’s southeast coast is a humid area, Xinjiang is in the arid region. This distribution is not a regional, but a non zonal distribution. The cause of this distribution is obviously not due to latitude, but due to precipitation. Distance from the sea is the main factor causing this distribution.
As the temperature, air pressure, wind direction, precipitation and other weather phenomena are mutual influence, the distribution of temperature and precipitation in the earth has the characteristics of zonal, and the temperature and precipitation more directly affect the growth of plants, so that the distribution of vegetation in most parts of the world is the land belt.

Plant growth requires a certain quantity of heat, so the temperature is too low in the polar regions on the lack of vegetation. Requirements for water, trees and grass in different. Trees need more water than grass, so the forest grows in wet or moist areas, but in the arid area, the trees are not easy to grow, the vegetation is dominated by grassland, and the very arid area is only desert vegetation.
Tropical rainforests are mainly concentrated in the south, north latitude 10 degrees between the Amazon River Basin, Congo River Basin and Southeast Asia, it is distributed in the tropical climate zone of hot and humid evergreen forests, tree species. Tree height of 30 meters or more, and some even up to 40 ~ 60 meters, trunk straight, usually can be divided into 3 layers structure. The amount of plants in the tropical rain forest (mainly wood) accounts for 40% of the total amount of land in the world. It directly affects the rise and fall of global environmental protection, tropical rainforest has become one of the urgent problems of the world’s attention.
The tropical monsoon rain forest is located in the periphery of the tropical rain forest, and is mainly distributed in the Southeast Asia and the India peninsula. It is formed in the dry and wet season of tropical climate conditions, also known as the monsoon forest or tropical seasonal forest. And tropical rain forests
Than, the structure is simple, the tree is only divided into two layers. Due to the impact of climate, the tropical monsoon rain forest can be divided into two major types: deciduous and semi seasonal rain forest (Chang Lv, Chang Lv). Deciduous monsoon forest distribution in the annual rainfall of 500 to 1500 mm long and dry regions, most species in dry season deciduous. Semi evergreen monsoon forest distribution in the annual rainfall of 1500 to 2500 mm, with good water and heat area, in a short dry season, no leaf stage tall trees can appear a few days to a few weeks. Between the tropical monsoon rain forest and the tropical rain forest difficult to be able to divide the clear boundary, assumes the gradual transition situation.
Subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest is mainly distributed in East Asia, that is, the subtropical monsoon climate zone, where the summer heat and humidity, the annual average temperature of 15 degrees Celsius to 21 degrees, annual rainfall of 1000 to 2000 mm. The evergreen trees round. The plant resources of subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest are very rich, and there are many valuable forest trees, fast-growing forest and economic forest. Evergreen broad-leaved forest conservation area is, in our country, from the Qinling Mountains mountains to the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau and the southern mountainous areas of Tibet are widely distributed in the development and utilization at the same time, has been strengthening cultivation and protection.
Summer green broad-leaved forest is also known as deciduous broad-leaved forest, mainly distributed in Western Europe, Central Europe, East Asia and North America and other places. It is hot and rainy in summer, cold in winter, and annual rainfall in 500 ~ 1200 mm. Forest trees in winter
Leaves. The summer green broad-leaved forest in Asia is mainly distributed in the warm temperate zone of North China, Northeast China, North Korea and Japan.
The cold temperate coniferous forest and boreal forest or taiga. Distribution in the northern part of Europe and North America, in the middle and low latitudes of the alpine region also has a distribution. Composition of coniferous trees with cold resistance. Here in the summer, the temperature and humidity, the winter cold and long, annual rainfall of 300 ~ 600 mm. Coniferous forest is often composed of single tree, trunk upright. Picea and Abies shade trees, in a dark, known as dark coniferous forest. Pine and larch tree species, Liuchi Aryo, known as bright coniferous forest. The area of boreal forest is very broad, from Scandinavia, Russia, Finland, China, Heilongjiang, and the northern part of China. Evergreen coniferous forest in Europe and the Siberia region, the Eastern European continent is the majority of Xingan larch. Cold temperate coniferous forest in North America are mainly distributed in most of Alaska and Labrador, large area and the two peninsula. The western region, especially along the Pacific coast, is rich in coniferous forest, similar to northern Europe, pine, spruce and larch; East and East Asia is similar to that of larch is widely distributed.

Red Helie Island Nepal grass Echinodorus horemanii

Red Helie Island Nepal grass Echinodorus horemanii
Originating in Brazil. Up to 60 cm height, leaf number will be over 20 and become large plants. Suitable weak acid and weak alkaline water, the water temperature 18-26 ℃. Jubilee in water to keep the high amount of light, high fertilizer, especially to add carbon dioxide, which can grow to good effect. If light levels are low, is dwarfed, leaf number will not increase after the general as King grass.

Crown wrinkled edges (broad leaf type) Echinodorus horemanii var.

Originating in Panama. Drape the crown, there are two types, one is broad leaf type, the other is a narrow-leaf type, broad leaf planting difficulties, the need to add enough fertilizer in the bottom of the bed, but also have plenty of light and carbon dioxide. Suitable weak acid and weak alkaline water. Water temperature 22-28 ℃, the plant only wire length robust, growing environmental factors change will plant chlorosis, with lateral bud propagation, generally as a medium shot grass.

Crown Drape (narrow leaf type) Echinodorus horemanii var.

Originating in Panama, in the cultivation and management easier than broad leaf type. As long as adequate facilities fertilizers, in weak acid – weak alkaline water, the water temperature 22-28 ℃, adequate light, it will grow better. In the mother plant breeding grow new shoots. Generally used as the background ornamental plants.

   Long elephant ears Echinodorus horizontalis

   Originating in Brazil. Long petioles, is a natural hybrids. When implanted in the water, you need enough fertilizer to enhance illumination. Suitable for weakly acidic – weak alkaline water. Grow well when the water temperature is 22-28 ℃. Available mother plant breeding stolons. Generally used as medium shot ornamental plants.

Didiplis diandra and Drymaria cordata

Didiplis diandra
Native to North america. Light green. The water grass is a pair of oval or long oval leaves. In the oil and water grass are brachiate needle leaf. The top of the plant is red with a light source near the source. The lateral buds protruding from the underground stem, can form a dense brush shape. Suitable for neutral and weak acid water quality, water temperature from 24 to 28 Eve joy, C and it is necessary to give balanced light and nutrients (fertilizer) and carbon dioxide (CO2), otherwise easy to die; especially light and nutrient balance is crucial, but light is not strong enough, shoulds not be too strong. The cuttings or lateral bud propagation. As before, the accumulation of planting grass.

Drymaria cordata forma variegatus
Native to Southeast asia. The pattern of egg white veins of lobules. Not easily in water cultivation, a suitable neutral acidic water, the water temperature of 20 ~ 28 C Eve joy. Need stronger light, and regularly add carbon dioxide and water soluble fertilizer, can grow well. Most suitable for in small aquariums, especially as in the foreground grass is the most attractive, also can focus on dozens of root planted in large aquariums.

Echinodorus amazonicus
Native to South america. The grass is about 30 ~ 50 cm. Weak – acidic water, water temperature 22 ~ 30 Eve joy C to robust growth, is very easy to cultivate plants. Suitable for beginners, is a kind of tropical plants in the most popular.