Monthly Archives: September 2015

Take part of plant nutrition to planting

1. cutting time in early spring and summer is better, also can choose the most vigorous growth of plants. Generally speaking, most of the cuttings in 20-25 process temperature, the relative humidity of the air is easy to root in 70%-80%.
2. cutting matrix ideal cutting matrix should be not only to keep moist, and can breathe freely, commonly used in the rooting medium perlite, vermiculite, sand and so on, family cutting only clean river sand is more convenient. The cutting depth in Section 1 / 3 ~ 1 / 2, first with bamboo in the matrix on Jack, then heading into the hole, conveniently according to the real or watering the hole filling. The water content of the substrate should be controlled in the, which can provide higher substrate humidity and air humidity in the early stage of 50%-60%, but it is suitable to reduce the humidity, so as to prevent the decay.

Cutting method
Stem cuttings can be inserted into the soft and hard wood cutting rod. Green wood cutting for perennial herbaceous flowers; hardwood cutting is use has grown mature branches or stems dry cutting, cutting the plant stems or vine cut stems with festival, each cut into 6-10 cm, with 2-3 day, but also with the apical bud and remove lower leaf and shear to 1 / 3-1 / 2 of upper leaves, to reduce water evaporation, then stems directly inserted in the slotting machine.

Ye Chafa some flowers leaves can be easily rooting, artificially wound, promote the formation of a
new plant root, operation.

When selecting healthy leaves, the petiole inserted directly in the sand, or the leaves cut in half after an oblique or in the sand.

Leaves on the back with a blade row, 2 wound, cut the petiole, lay it flat on a tool with slotting machine, the Ye Bei and the tight sand.

Close contact; appropriate shade, water, at 20 to 25 DEG C under suitable temperature, about 30 days to grow seedlings, this method is suitable for Africa
Violet, succulent flower breeding Gloxinia etc..

Yet during the germination of axillary bud bud is inserted, the blade with short branches together cut, shallow into the moist sand plain, casual wear
Shoot tip with sand. When the petiole wound a new root, it will promote the formation of axillary bud and seedling.

At some interpolation plant available plant roots underground ministry rod as cutting material, cutting in soil pot.

When will the roots, cut into 2-3 cm, slightly dry after incision to be inserted in the nimble slotter or buried desire, covering 1~2.

Cm thick matrix, keeping moist, to make it take root and sprout.
Water insert method choose a dark glass bottle, filled with water from strong shank blade. To put the petiole in the water.

2-3 cm, a slight light scattering light, every 2-3 days for water once, 20 days to take root, then the leaflets are beginning to sprout.
When roots grow to a certain number, you can remove the upper basin. For watering flowers have Africa geranium, violet.

Apply fertilizer

(1) according to the nature, the type of fertilizer can be divided into organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer, which can be divided into solid and liquid fertilizer according to the form.
Organic fertilizer including human waste, livestock manure, cake, bone meal etc.. Organic fertilizer usually contains various nutrients required by plants and rich organic fertilizer, mostly slow and persistent.
Inorganic fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, mainly has nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and trace element fertilizer. Usually each chemical fertilizer only contains one or two kinds of fertilizer. The fertilizer efficiency of strong and fast, when applied to the master concentration, such as accidentally caused by fertilizer damage. Chemical fertilizer can be used alone, can also be used in conjunction with the use of men, according to the need to adjust the flowers need to adjust the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium elements.

On the market, the sale of a piece of fat, stick fat or spherical fertilizer are solid fat, usually by nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and a variety of trace elements. Put a few grains on matrix can be used in flower buds from the basin surface, after watering fertilizer can be released slowly.
Liquid fertilizer refers to the water after the fermentation of farm manure or water dissolved in the chemical fertilizer, farm manure more than in the use of indoor cultivation.

(2)on-demand potted fertilization fashion at the time of planting are generally required to apply sufficient base fertilizer, fertilizer is used mostly by fermentation of organic fertilizer; growth period should also be fertilizer, topdressing can be available using organic fertilizer or inorganic fertilizer. At present, according to the flower’s demand for a variety of nutrition elements, has produced a variety of corrosion effect of fertilizers or granular coated fertilizer, which contains various elements of the growth of flowers and plants, lasting fertilizer efficiency, convenient use and sanitation, in the indoor cultivation in the widely used.
(3)
In addition, foliage plants need more nitrogen fertilizer. If the lack of nitrogen fertilizer, the leaf will lose its luster; but excessive application of nitrogen fertilizer, cause plant excessive growth, weak growth and is not conducive to the stability of some spot leaf traits. P and K fertilizer is also the foliage plant to sit in a few, must cooperate with the application.

(3) fertilization fertilization method to grasp the timely, appropriate and moderate principle, according to various need fertilizer characteristics, the coral fertilization period, number of fertilization, fertilization amount. In addition to the application of solid manure, other fertilizers can be used to stay in place or by spraying. The dilution of liquid fertilizer with water is determined by the number of fertilizer application, and it can be more fertilizer in the growing period. In the winter or the dormancy period, a period of no fertilization or 2-3 months, a number of fertilizer application, and more in the winter before the application, and phosphorus and potassium based, to enhance the plant cold resistance. New planting or for a basin, must wait until after the survival to fertilization.